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Did you know?

  • The stomach of crocodile has a size of football ball, he eats little, but many times per day.
  • Hippo weights 3,2 tones and is one of the heaviest land mammals.
  • Giraffe is one of the rare animals that have horns at birth.
  • The elephants walk on tiptoe, because under their heel they have thick layer of fat.
  • The biggest snakes of the world can eat a human in one time and a meal lasts for one year.
  • Flamingos get the color of their feathers because of their specific nutrition.
  • African elephant can run faster then a human and can walk several hours without any rest.
  • In first year of hippo’s life 45% of them die.
  • Shark is swimming with average speed of 3km/h and maximum speed of 95 km/h.
  • Giraffe has a same number of vertebrae like most of the mammals, but theirs are much longer.
  • Bushbabies got a name because of their sounds that reminded first explorers of crying babies.
  • Elephants communicate through vibrations that they make by hitting the ground with their feet.
  • Most of the elephants sleep standing and only 2-3 hours per day.
  • Hippo can stay 5 minutes under the water-surface and can even run on the bottom of the lake.
  • The biggest known shark in the world was 13 meters long and had 15 tones
  • Leopard likes to drink water everyday, but he can stay without it up to one month.
  • Wild elephant can eat 230 kg of food and drink 125 liters of water per day sometimes at once.
  • Near relative of African ostrich is South American nandu and Australian emus.
  • Ostrich, zebra and giraffe can kill with their kick even the mighty lion.
  • Turtles, birds and crocs like to rest on the backs of hippos.
  • African tribes are hunting bushbabies by leaving a palm wine in the forest and collecting drunk animals from it.
  • Warthog can run 50 km/h and they are very skillful to defend themselves.
  • The head of the rhino weights 200 kg.
  • Black leopard or Panther was first considered as different species, but in same family can be puppies of normal and black colour.
  • The biggest turtle in the world is belonging to the species of leatherback and weights 752 kg.
  • The grey rat is living everywhere in the world except polar countries. One couple can have up to 800 babies in just one year.
  • Insect-eating bats produce ultrasound of very high frequency, with echoes that bounce back, they get all necessary information.
  • One of the most shamefaced animals in area of high and low tide is octopus.
  • The longest recorded jump of bushbaby from one branch to another was more then 7 meters.
  • From 1830 on each year 10 to 30 thousand slaves were sold at slave market on Zanzibar.
  • Coconut palm can live up to 100 years but can reproduce only 20 years.
  • Warthog’s only enemies are lion and leopard.
  • In darkness leopard can see 6 times and hear 2 times better then human.
  • Monkey species of red colobus are living only in forest Jozani on Zanzibar Island.
  • Cheetahs are running 120 km/h, but only 20 seconds. This is still enough for successful hunting.
  • Insectivorous bats obtain most of the water they need from their prey, cave bats can lick up condensation.

General facts

Official name: United Republic of Tanzania

Capital: Dodoma

National Anthem: God bless Africa

National Motto: Freedom and Unity

National holiday: Union Day (Tanganyika and Zanzibar), 26 April (1961)

Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique

Total area: 945.000 km² (slightly more then 2 times California)

Coastline: 1,424 km

Population: 37,6 millions (july 2007)

Ethnic groups: 99% Africans (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), 1% Asian, European and Arab; Zanzibar- Arab, African, mixed Arab and African

Population growth rate: 2% in a year 2007

Life expectancy at birth: 50.7 years

Official languages: swahili, English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education)

Literacy: 69,4% of total population

Religion: 40% christians, 35% muslims, 20% indigenous beliefs

Largest city: Dar es Salaam (also economical, cultural, political center of the country)

Government type: republic

Independence: 26 April 1961

Economy: Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for almost half of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 80% of the work force.

GDB per capita: 800$ (2006)

GDB by sector: 43,2% agriculture, 18% industry, 39% services (2006)

Natural resources: hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel

Industry: agricultural processing; diamond, gold, and iron mining, salt, cement, oil refining, shoes, wood products, fertilizer, tourism

Agriculture products: coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats

Export: gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures, cotton

Export partners: China 8.8%, India 8.8%, Netherlands 6.2%, Japan 5.3%, Germany 4.2% (2006)

Import: consumer goods, machinery and transportation equipment, industrial raw materials

Import partners: South Africa 9.8%, China 9.4%, Kenya 7.8%, India 6.8%, UAE 5.9%, Zambia 5.7% (2006)

Natural hazards: flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought

Highest peak: Kilimanjaro (5895 m)

Climate: from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands

Currency: Tanzanian shilling (TZS)

Exchange rate: 1$ = 1160 Tsh, 1€ = 1680 Tsh

Time zone: GMT plus 3 hours




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