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Did you know?

  • The stomach of crocodile has a size of football ball, he eats little, but many times per day.
  • Hippo weights 3,2 tones and is one of the heaviest land mammals.
  • Giraffe is one of the rare animals that have horns at birth.
  • The elephants walk on tiptoe, because under their heel they have thick layer of fat.
  • The biggest snakes of the world can eat a human in one time and a meal lasts for one year.
  • Flamingos get the color of their feathers because of their specific nutrition.
  • African elephant can run faster then a human and can walk several hours without any rest.
  • In first year of hippo’s life 45% of them die.
  • Shark is swimming with average speed of 3km/h and maximum speed of 95 km/h.
  • Giraffe has a same number of vertebrae like most of the mammals, but theirs are much longer.
  • Bushbabies got a name because of their sounds that reminded first explorers of crying babies.
  • Elephants communicate through vibrations that they make by hitting the ground with their feet.
  • Most of the elephants sleep standing and only 2-3 hours per day.
  • Hippo can stay 5 minutes under the water-surface and can even run on the bottom of the lake.
  • The biggest known shark in the world was 13 meters long and had 15 tones
  • Leopard likes to drink water everyday, but he can stay without it up to one month.
  • Wild elephant can eat 230 kg of food and drink 125 liters of water per day sometimes at once.
  • Near relative of African ostrich is South American nandu and Australian emus.
  • Ostrich, zebra and giraffe can kill with their kick even the mighty lion.
  • Turtles, birds and crocs like to rest on the backs of hippos.
  • African tribes are hunting bushbabies by leaving a palm wine in the forest and collecting drunk animals from it.
  • Warthog can run 50 km/h and they are very skillful to defend themselves.
  • The head of the rhino weights 200 kg.
  • Black leopard or Panther was first considered as different species, but in same family can be puppies of normal and black colour.
  • The biggest turtle in the world is belonging to the species of leatherback and weights 752 kg.
  • The grey rat is living everywhere in the world except polar countries. One couple can have up to 800 babies in just one year.
  • Insect-eating bats produce ultrasound of very high frequency, with echoes that bounce back, they get all necessary information.
  • One of the most shamefaced animals in area of high and low tide is octopus.
  • The longest recorded jump of bushbaby from one branch to another was more then 7 meters.
  • From 1830 on each year 10 to 30 thousand slaves were sold at slave market on Zanzibar.
  • Coconut palm can live up to 100 years but can reproduce only 20 years.
  • Warthog’s only enemies are lion and leopard.
  • In darkness leopard can see 6 times and hear 2 times better then human.
  • Monkey species of red colobus are living only in forest Jozani on Zanzibar Island.
  • Cheetahs are running 120 km/h, but only 20 seconds. This is still enough for successful hunting.
  • Insectivorous bats obtain most of the water they need from their prey, cave bats can lick up condensation.

Birds

Ostrich

Ostrich is very common resident in Tanzania. It’s well-known flightless bird. Usually is possible to see them in pairs or groups, sometimes with many young birds present. Males make a lion-like roar. Ostrich is the biggest bird in the world, is the fastest two-footed animal and it has the biggest eggs from all the animals in the world. Ostrich is record holder in many ways. Ostrich egg is same size like 20-25 chicken eggs. Some tribes in Africa are using their eggshell as a bowl for water.

Secretary bird

Secretary bird is very common bird in many African countries. It’s large, long-legged grey and black bird with long feathers projecting behind the head. Adults have orange faces, immatures have yellow faces. Normally these birds are silent, but sometimes it makes frog-like croak. Usually they walk in pairs. They live in grassland, bushveld or thornveld at all altitudes, where there is less food, so they have to cover a large area to find enough food for the day. For the same reason so luck of food, they usually have only 1 young one. In general farmers are happy to see them, because they are feeding on unwanted animals like rats and snakes.

Marabou stork

Marabou stork is uncommon or locally common visitor and resident. It’s a huge, bare-headed, bare-necked stork that lives in groups of few birds, sometimes larger flocks. They are frequently associating with vultures at animal carcasses and refuse dumps. Mostly found in national parks and protected areas where they gather at kills or around camps. It’s also possible to see them at river sandbanks when they want to bath or rest. It can fly at the 4500 meters and it’s many times victim of smaller air planes.

Purple heron

Purple heron is fairly common resident and most of the time solitary. It likes shelter of reeds and other vegetation in dams, pans and marsh pools. It’s difficult to say when birds are threatening or greeting each other. They hunt by standing in shallow water and waiting for prey to swim towards it. When it spots the prey, it grabs it so strong that there is no chance of escape. It has a lot of patience. It can stand in water for hours and hours without moving just waiting for prey. Mainly it feeds on fishes, but sometimes also frogs, lizards, snakes, snails, spiders etc.

Red billed hornbill

Red billed hornbill is a common resident. Large red bill separates it from all other hornbills. They live in pairs and small groups. You can find them in dry bushveld, mixed woodland and thornveld. They find mainly on the ground but sometimes also on fruiting trees. It’s known as always happy and cheerful bird. Their nests are never dirty even when nest is for longer time fully closed for safety reasons. The nest is like a fortress and young ones are safe from predators.

Sacred ibis

Sacred ibis is very common bird. You can see single birds or flocks sometimes they live quite close to humans. It is known that they are not afraid of the humans. On 10 m2 there is up to 100 pairs ready to hatch the eggs. It feeds during the day by searching food in shallow waters and mud. It feeds also on carcasses but it first waits that vultures finish their meal before they check if something is left. Many times it steals eggs of other birds and other animals.

Gallery

E-cards

Maps

maps of Tanzania
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Tanzania Association of Tour Operators