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Did you know?

  • The stomach of crocodile has a size of football ball, he eats little, but many times per day.
  • Hippo weights 3,2 tones and is one of the heaviest land mammals.
  • Giraffe is one of the rare animals that have horns at birth.
  • The elephants walk on tiptoe, because under their heel they have thick layer of fat.
  • The biggest snakes of the world can eat a human in one time and a meal lasts for one year.
  • Flamingos get the color of their feathers because of their specific nutrition.
  • African elephant can run faster then a human and can walk several hours without any rest.
  • In first year of hippo’s life 45% of them die.
  • Shark is swimming with average speed of 3km/h and maximum speed of 95 km/h.
  • Giraffe has a same number of vertebrae like most of the mammals, but theirs are much longer.
  • Bushbabies got a name because of their sounds that reminded first explorers of crying babies.
  • Elephants communicate through vibrations that they make by hitting the ground with their feet.
  • Most of the elephants sleep standing and only 2-3 hours per day.
  • Hippo can stay 5 minutes under the water-surface and can even run on the bottom of the lake.
  • The biggest known shark in the world was 13 meters long and had 15 tones
  • Leopard likes to drink water everyday, but he can stay without it up to one month.
  • Wild elephant can eat 230 kg of food and drink 125 liters of water per day sometimes at once.
  • Near relative of African ostrich is South American nandu and Australian emus.
  • Ostrich, zebra and giraffe can kill with their kick even the mighty lion.
  • Turtles, birds and crocs like to rest on the backs of hippos.
  • African tribes are hunting bushbabies by leaving a palm wine in the forest and collecting drunk animals from it.
  • Warthog can run 50 km/h and they are very skillful to defend themselves.
  • The head of the rhino weights 200 kg.
  • Black leopard or Panther was first considered as different species, but in same family can be puppies of normal and black colour.
  • The biggest turtle in the world is belonging to the species of leatherback and weights 752 kg.
  • The grey rat is living everywhere in the world except polar countries. One couple can have up to 800 babies in just one year.
  • Insect-eating bats produce ultrasound of very high frequency, with echoes that bounce back, they get all necessary information.
  • One of the most shamefaced animals in area of high and low tide is octopus.
  • The longest recorded jump of bushbaby from one branch to another was more then 7 meters.
  • From 1830 on each year 10 to 30 thousand slaves were sold at slave market on Zanzibar.
  • Coconut palm can live up to 100 years but can reproduce only 20 years.
  • Warthog’s only enemies are lion and leopard.
  • In darkness leopard can see 6 times and hear 2 times better then human.
  • Monkey species of red colobus are living only in forest Jozani on Zanzibar Island.
  • Cheetahs are running 120 km/h, but only 20 seconds. This is still enough for successful hunting.
  • Insectivorous bats obtain most of the water they need from their prey, cave bats can lick up condensation.

Big 5

Elephants

An elephant has to feed for at least 14 hours a day to obtain the 170 kg of food. It may have to travel long distances to water. It sleeps standing up for a few minutes at a stretch. The basic social unit is a group of related adult females with their young of varies ages. Adult male join them only when one of the females is on heat. Elephants are not territorial. If their usual food and water supplies fail elephants will trek long distances to reach better conditions. They can make 200 km treks. If it is able to, an elephant goes to water once a day to drink, bathe and wallow in mud. On average it will drink 70 to 90 litres a day, but it can drink up to 150 litres if it is very thirsty.

Lion

Lions are the only cats in which social groups are almost universal, and the only ones that regularly hunt in groups. They eat almost any food from termites to elephants. They prefer prey of medium and large size like antelopes in the 50 to 300 kg range. They are avoiding the heat of the day and are most active in the night or also in the cool of the morning or evening. Pride males do not hunt, their large size make them more conspicuous and less successful then lionesses. Males swallow up to 35 kg, and females up to 22 kg which is 15 per cent of their body weight.

Leopard

Leopards are very solitary, they associate with each other only when female are on heat and when they have cups. They move frequently around during the day, but they prefer remote areas. With distinctive contact call they keep the neighbour away from them and can call females. Leopards are very agile climbers. Almost any reptile, fish or mammal ranging in size from mice to kudu, may fall prey to a leopard. A leopard will stalk a target that moves slowly away over distances of a few hundred meters, or wait in ambush if the target moves towards it.

Buffalo

They live in a large herds containing up to a few thousand animals of both sexes and all ages. Old males tend to wander solitary or to form small groups. The largest herds are seen during the dry season. After the rains when food is plentiful herds more then 500 strong split into smaller units. Within each herd there are smaller subunits of 15 to 20 animals who stay closer to each other then to the rest. There are separate dominance hierarchies among the males and females determined by fighting ability. High rank brings a privilege of travelling and feeding in the front and center of the herd. The low ranking animals have to graze at the back what the herd leaves and they suffer most heavily from predation.

Black Rhino

They are less active during the hottest part of the day than at other times. They are solitary. A calf stays with its mother until it is about 2-4 years old, when she has her next calf. Some males may congregate around a female on heat but such groups are temporary. They live in overlapping home ranges of about 200 ha in rich areas and 400 ha where the vegetation is less dense. They wallow in water or mud to keep themselves cool and to get rid of parasites. Their eyesight is poor but its hearing is acute and its sense of smell very keen, so its nasal passages are bigger than its brain. Fights between black rhinos are rare because they avoid each other. They usually occur when two bulls are courting the same female. It has reputation for bad temper. They can charge at 50 km/h, and are most likely to attack if taken by surprise.

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