Sunset Africa SafariSunset Africa Safari

Did you know?

  • The stomach of crocodile has a size of football ball, he eats little, but many times per day.
  • Hippo weights 3,2 tones and is one of the heaviest land mammals.
  • Giraffe is one of the rare animals that have horns at birth.
  • The elephants walk on tiptoe, because under their heel they have thick layer of fat.
  • The biggest snakes of the world can eat a human in one time and a meal lasts for one year.
  • Flamingos get the color of their feathers because of their specific nutrition.
  • African elephant can run faster then a human and can walk several hours without any rest.
  • In first year of hippo’s life 45% of them die.
  • Shark is swimming with average speed of 3km/h and maximum speed of 95 km/h.
  • Giraffe has a same number of vertebrae like most of the mammals, but theirs are much longer.
  • Bushbabies got a name because of their sounds that reminded first explorers of crying babies.
  • Elephants communicate through vibrations that they make by hitting the ground with their feet.
  • Most of the elephants sleep standing and only 2-3 hours per day.
  • Hippo can stay 5 minutes under the water-surface and can even run on the bottom of the lake.
  • The biggest known shark in the world was 13 meters long and had 15 tones
  • Leopard likes to drink water everyday, but he can stay without it up to one month.
  • Wild elephant can eat 230 kg of food and drink 125 liters of water per day sometimes at once.
  • Near relative of African ostrich is South American nandu and Australian emus.
  • Ostrich, zebra and giraffe can kill with their kick even the mighty lion.
  • Turtles, birds and crocs like to rest on the backs of hippos.
  • African tribes are hunting bushbabies by leaving a palm wine in the forest and collecting drunk animals from it.
  • Warthog can run 50 km/h and they are very skillful to defend themselves.
  • The head of the rhino weights 200 kg.
  • Black leopard or Panther was first considered as different species, but in same family can be puppies of normal and black colour.
  • The biggest turtle in the world is belonging to the species of leatherback and weights 752 kg.
  • The grey rat is living everywhere in the world except polar countries. One couple can have up to 800 babies in just one year.
  • Insect-eating bats produce ultrasound of very high frequency, with echoes that bounce back, they get all necessary information.
  • One of the most shamefaced animals in area of high and low tide is octopus.
  • The longest recorded jump of bushbaby from one branch to another was more then 7 meters.
  • From 1830 on each year 10 to 30 thousand slaves were sold at slave market on Zanzibar.
  • Coconut palm can live up to 100 years but can reproduce only 20 years.
  • Warthog’s only enemies are lion and leopard.
  • In darkness leopard can see 6 times and hear 2 times better then human.
  • Monkey species of red colobus are living only in forest Jozani on Zanzibar Island.
  • Cheetahs are running 120 km/h, but only 20 seconds. This is still enough for successful hunting.
  • Insectivorous bats obtain most of the water they need from their prey, cave bats can lick up condensation.

Peru

The heart of Inca Empire

LIMA - NP PARACAS - BALLESTAS ISLANDS - NAZCA - AREQUIPA - CANYON COLCA - SILUSTANI - TITICACA - CUSCO - PISAC - OLLANTAYTAMBO - URUBAMBA - MACHU PICCHU

1. Day: Lima

After breakfast sightseeing in capital city of Peru established by adventurer Francisco Pizzaro in 1535. Pizzaro gave it a name »city of king«. Walk down the main pedestrian street all the way to the square of St. Martin, the great liberator and together with Simon Bolivar one of the most important combatant for the independence of Peru. Visit of the main square surrounded by Cathedral, Town Hall, Diocese and Presidential Palace. Not far from here visit of the Franciscan monastery and famous catacombs that served as first public cemetery of Lima. You will try Peruvian national drink and continue to the market with typical Peruvian souvenirs. In the afternoon visit the historical museum to get to know the tradition and customs of different Peruvian cultures. Spend time observing the biggest private collection of jewellery and weapons in the world including some belonging to Pinochet, Lady Diana and Charles, Napoleon and many other famous people. Late in the afternoon drive by bus to San Cristobal with excellent view on enormous Peruvian capital.

2. Day: Lima - NP Paracas - Pisco

Drive by bus through desert of south Peru to small city of Pisco, destroyed in deadly earthquake in 2007. Pisco is slowly recovering from natural disaster. It's still important port and point of departure for observing Peruvian wildlife. The area around Pisco is known as wine region with many vineyards and tastings of sweet Peruvian wine. In the afternoon visit of National park Paracas known for its natural beauty and historically extremely important Paracas culture known for its excellent made and enormous textiles. In National park is possible to see flamingos, wonderful cliffs and many types of desert.

3. Day: Pisco - Ballestas islands - Huacachino - Ica - Nazca

Drive by boat towards Ballestas Island. Visit the famous and mysterious candelabra; continue to Ballestas islands inhabited only by animals. Drive around the island to see numerous sea lions, cormorants, crabs, pelicans, Peruvian boobies etc. There is even some small number of penguins, who came here with cold Humboldt Current and on the way back look for dolphins, they might be around. Continue by bus to oasis Huacachina to explore sand dunes and small village in the middle of the desert. Find out more about desert life in Peru. Take a free time for sand boarding and for lunch. On the way back short stop to see Ica, continue to Nazca. In the evening enjoy wine and fruit tasting.

4. Day: Nazca - Arequipa

It's a day for adventure. In the morning flight over Nazca desert to see fabulous Nazca lines and figures. In the middle of the desert you see unbelievable drawings visible only from the air. Its origin and meaning is not clear yet, archaeologists assume it should be work of Paracas and Nazca culture. The drawing and lines have extraordinary dimensions; some of them have lines longer then 100 meters. All together you can find 70 drawings in various dimensions. Continue to the other side of the city Nazca to visit Chauchilla where many mummies from Nazca culture were discovered. It's the best place to find out about development of the Nazca culture, their knowledge, habits and tradition. On the way back to Nazca visit of ceramic workshop to see the pre-Inca way of making ceramic and a workshop of formal mine worker to see the process of gold mining. Late in the afternoon take an overnight bus to Arequipa.

5. - 6. Day: Arequipa (sightseeing of the city)

After breakfast visit of monastery Santa Catalina, one of the biggest monasteries in the world (20.000 m²) and one of the best preserved colonial religious buildings. This monastery was like a mystical temple with nuns who had no contact with outside world. After they have been looked in the monastery they never soon outside world again. In the afternoon you visit Anthropological Museum to see mummy Juanita, discovered by anthropologists in year 1995 at the volcano Ampato. It is the best proof of human sacrifices during Inca times. Second day walk through the city, visit of cathedral and monastery of Recoleta with exhibition of Peruvian and Amazonian wildlife, objects belonging to different Indian tribes, large library with more then 100 old books and some famous signatures like from Inca emperors, Francisco Pizzaro etc. In late afternoon walk through the biggest food market in the city, tasting some Peruvian local dishes, Peruvian desserts and different tropical fruits. In the evening listen to the real Andean music.

7. - 8. Day: Arequipa - Canyon Colca - Puno

Two days trip takes you to one of the deepest Peruvian canyons- Colca canyon. On the way you see the herds of vicunas, alpacas and lamas. Trip is a good occasion to meet Indian people dressed in their traditional clothes, to swim in thermal pools, to make a walk along the canyon, to stop the some beautiful view points, to observe the biggest Andean birds mighty condors, to enjoy the unique landscape filled with pre-Inca and Inca terraces, to visit typical Andean village and to see traditional dances. In the evening on second day bus drive to Puno, overnight in hotel.

9. Day: Puno - Silustani - Puno

Lake Titicaca is the biggest lake above 2000 meters and it is navigable. You visit a village close to Lake Titicaca, where people live in small and simple huts or houses made of mud brick. In front of the houses locals dry reeds called totora and sheave them. This is basic material for bed mattresses, boats, houses, roofs etc. In the afternoon you make a trip to Andean Lake Umayo. There are unusual tombs from pre-Inca and Inca time. On the way back stop at one of the villager to see everyday life in the Andean village, to visit a farm house and to taste fabulous home made cheese and boiled potato with mud.

10. Day: Puno - Lake Titicaca - Uros and Amantani

Early in the morning take a boat to floating Uros Islands made of totora reeds. Last member of Uros tribe died around 60 years ago, but their tradition is still alive with help of other tribes who adopted their way of life many decades before Uros tribe disappeared. Drive by boat on enormous Lake Titicaca, learn more about life on the lake islands and wildlife. After coming to Amantani you have a lunch prepared by locals, short break and then climb to the top of the island to see fantastic sunset. In the evening locals give you opportunity to dress in traditional clothes and participate in local party with live music and dances. Dinner and overnight stay at local family.

11. Day: Amantani (Lake Titicaca) - Taquile - Puno

After breakfast you say good bye to your family, meet with the rest of travellers at the port and continue your way by boat to Taquile Island. Trip gives you opportunity to learn about tradition and customs of the island where local people are still wearing traditional clothes, woman by the rules are working on the fields, man walk and knit by hand gorgeous pullovers, huts etc. After free time for lunch you walk to the other side of the Island to catch your boat back to Puno. Arrival in Puno is in late afternoon.

12. Day: Puno - Cusco

Drive by bus to Cusco. On the way you see beautiful majestic Andean peaks, herds of lamas and alpacas, typical villages and endless Andean valleys. In the afternoon short walk around Cusco, to the market with local products etc.

13. Day: Cusco - Pisac - Cusco

After breakfast take a colourful drive through gorgeous landscape to the formal Inca city of Pisco. Take a 2 hours walk and visit Inca ruins, learn about Inca culture, tradition, customs, way of living, fantastic achievements in construction, look at the Inca bathroom, graves in cliff, sun clock, sun temple, mountain tunnel, different kind of staircases and much more. Free time in Pisco for lunch and some shopping on colourful market, where most of the locals are dressed in traditional clothes. In the afternoon visit the Inca ruins close to Cusco to see their spa, defense plan etc. Finish your visit at Sacsayhuaman built in shape of puma claws. The last battle between Spanish and Indians was taking place in fortress of Sacsayhuaman. Inca Empire was still ruled by Manco Inca, who escaped to Sacred Valley after defeat against Spanish. Late afternoon take a look at the museum of instruments with more then 400 traditional instruments from pre-Inca and Inca time as well as some other from South America. You can listen to the fantastic performance of local musician, who plays most of those traditional instruments among them tortoiseshell, Amazonian leaves, sea shell, condor feather etc.

14. - 15. Day: Inca Trail - Machu Picchu - Ollantaytambo

After breakfast take a world wide know train to Machu Picchu. Railway track were built zigzag to solve a problem of altitude difference between the city and beautiful landscape of Urubamba valley or Sacred Valley. Stop at Agua Calientes, the city developed since Machu Picchu was discovered. Free afternoon in Agua Calientes is good opportunity to take a swim in nearby thermal swimming pool. Next day every early in the morning is time to climb to famous pass and get a first view on world wonder of Machu Picchu, followed by excellent guided tour through Machu Picchu to learn about mystery of the place. There will be enough time to climb to Wayne Picchu with even better views on Machu Picchu, Sun Gate or Urubamba Valley. Overnight in Ollantaytambo.

16. Day: Ollantaytambo - Urubamba - Cusco

After breakfast sightseeing of Ollantaytambo. This was a place of Manco Inca escape after one of the worst defeats against Spanish. Walk around the ruins of formal Inca stronghold famous to defeat Pizzaro's nephew. Later visit of local ceramist's, whose work is sold all over the world. Visit of his home, workshop and shop. Take a walk to spectacular mountain salt panels with more then 100 pools and fabulous surrounding, used by pre-Inca tribes. Late in the afternoon sightseeing in Cusco, visit of cathedral and other interesting squares, buildings and markets of Inca capital Cusco. In the evening you visit cultural performance with Andean traditional dances.

17. Day: Cusco - Lima

Transfer to the domestic airport, take a flight to Lima for your international flight.

EXTENSION OF THE TRIP:

17. - 19. Day: National Park Manu (Amazonian jungle)

National park Manu was declared for World Heritage of UNESCO in 1977. On the way to national park you visit pre-Inca remains and colonial city Paurcartambo, you see many waterfalls of various size and some canyons. In the park you take a boat and do walks to learn more about insects, herbs, medical plants, trees, lizards and mammals of Amazonian region. Manu is a paradise for bird watching. It is a home to more then 1000 birds. You visit a lake and take a small boat to approach closer to some birds. In this lake live also black caimans and not far from them on the other side of the river you find a group of colorful parrots searching for minerals. In National park Manu there are more then 220 types of tree on only one hectare (in Europe 20 per hectare). It is home for ocelot, jaguar, South American bear, tapir, 13 different primates and many other animals.

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